美国项目管理PMBOK·PMP · 2022年11月25日

项目管理信息系统(Project Management Information System)

项目管理信息系统(PMIS)就是这样一种基于计算机技术而进行的项目管理系统。它能够帮助进行费用估算,并收集相关信息来计算挣得值和绘制S曲线,能够进行复杂的时间和资源调度,还能够帮助进行风险分析和形成适宜的不可预见费用计划等等。例如,项目计划图表(PERT图、甘特图)的绘制,项目关键路径的计算、项目成本的核算、项目计划的调整、资源平衡计划的制定与调整以及动态控制等都可以借助于项目管理信息系统。

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一个项目管理信息系统可以看成是由两部分组成的——计划系统和控制系统。计划系统将项目的时间、费用和其他性能数据转化为结构化的、适时的、准确的信息;控制系统使用这些信息,来辅助项目的管理决策,以及制定项目组织和背景有关的一些重大方针等。计划系统用来管理与五个系统目标(界定、组织、质量、费用和时间)相关的计划和进行数据控制。控制系统能够为项目经理提供一些控制手段,以领导和协调项目组织的各种要素,包括人力资源、工程设计、原材料和财务等部门。

Project Management Information System (PMIS) are system tools and techniques used in project management to deliver information. Project managers use the techniques and tools to collect, combine and distribute information through electronic and manual means. Project Management Information System (PMIS) is used by upper and lower management to communicate with each other.Project Management Information System (PMIS) help plan, execute and close project management goals. During the planning process, project managers use PMIS for budget framework such as estimating costs. The Project Management Information System is also used to create a specific schedule and define the scope baseline. At the execution of the project management goals, the project management team collects information into one database. The PMIS is used to compare the baseline with the actual accomplishment of each activity, manage materials, collect financial data, and keep a record for reporting purposes. During the close of the project, the Project Management Information System is used to review the goals to check if the tasks were accomplished. Then, it is used to create a final report of the project close.
To conclude, the project management information system (PMIS) is used to plan schedules, budget and execute work to be accomplished in project management.

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